• Panchganga Ghat to Adi Keshva

Panchganga Ghat to Adi Keshva Ghat


Panchganga Ghat is one of the five major ancient pilgrimages (ghats) of Kashi and currently the most vibrant ghats. Since ancient times, it has been recognized as the second chief of Kashi (after Adikeshva) Vishnu Kshetra. Its ancient name was Bindumadhav Ghat because of the Bindumadhav (Vishnu) temple on the ghat. Panchanad Teerth is prominent among the pilgrimages located in the Ganges in front of the Ghat. After the destruction of the main temple (Bindumadhav) of the ghat by Aurangzeb in the 17th century AD and converted it into a mosque, the name of the ghat was changed to Panchanad or Panchganga. It is believed that the Bindumadhav temple at Ghat was built by Raja Mansingh of Amer (Rajasthan) in the beginning of 17th century AD.

The mention of Bindumadhavghat is also found in the Girvanapadmanjari. In the context of Panchanad or Panchganga, it is believed that Ganga is invisibly the confluence of four other rivers- Yamuna, Saraswati, Kirna and Dhootpapa, due to which it is called Panchganga or Panchanad Teerth. From Shukla Ekadashi to Purnima of Kartik month, there is maximum crowd of bathers at the ghat. On the night of Kartik Purnima, people light up the ghats by lighting oil lamps, which is celebrated every year as Devdeepmalika festival. The present Bindumadhav temple at the ghat was built by Pant representative Bhavan Rao, Maharaja Oudh (Satara), Maharashtra in the middle of 18th century AD. Ramanand Math situated on the banks of Ganga was the residence of Vaishnava saint Ramanand in 14th-15th century AD. Near the monastery is the Deep Hazara Pillar, built by Ahilyabai Holkar (late 18th century AD), in which lamps are lit on Kartik Purnima. There is Alamgir Mosque at the Ghat. The building located in the southern part of the mosque is known as Kangan Wali Haveli, which was built by Mirza Raja Jaisingh in Rajasthani style.